Continuous Integration with Jenkins and Selenium

Continuous Integration with Jenkins and Selenium

Jenkins has gained significant popularity in recent years, emerging as one of the premier open-source tools facilitating continuous integration, build management, and, notably, the execution of automated tests without manual intervention. This blog post will delve into this particular aspect of Jenkins.

It involves developers frequently committing small code changes, typically daily or multiple times daily. Each change undergoes automated building and testing by a CI server before integration into the product. If any issues arise during testing, the CI platform halts the code integration process and notifies the team to address the errors promptly.

Selenium WebDriver, on the other hand, offers compatibility with various tools and frameworks, fostering adaptable testing, scraping, and development environments. When combined with frameworks such as JUnit or TestNG, Selenium automation testing facilitates the automated creation of tests for web applications. This integration enables the inclusion of Selenium scripts within continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) pipelines, ensuring the smooth execution of automated tests.

What is Continuous Integration?

CI is closely aligned with Agile methodologies, emphasizing adaptability, collaboration, and responsiveness to customer needs. By integrating code changes regularly and automatically, CI facilitates rapid adaptation to evolving requirements, early issue detection, and maintenance of high-quality standards.

Advantages of Continuous Integration

Continuous integration, with its simple principle of frequent code commits and integration, offers several advantages:

  • Enhanced team productivity and efficiency
  • Accelerated time to market
  • Improved alignment with product/market fit
  • Higher-quality, more stable products
  • Enhanced customer satisfaction

What Is Jenkins?

Jenkins stands as an open-source DevOps tool renowned for facilitating continuous integration and continuous delivery processes. Operating as a Java-based application, it boasts platform independence. As a build tool, Jenkins executes builds from the source code repository, conducts unit tests, and dispatches build reports to the corresponding team members or groups.

What Is Selenium?

Selenium emerged as an open-source automation tool extensively employed for testing web applications. Known for its user-friendly nature and supplemented by support forums, Selenium enjoys widespread adoption within the testing community. 

What is the purpose of using Jenkins alongside Selenium?

Jenkins is a platform for conducting automation testing utilizing frameworks like Nose2, PyTest, Robot, and Selenium, among others. When integrated with Selenium, Jenkins can execute test scripts, generate test results, and perform post-actions like generating test reports. It also enables the execution of test scenarios across diverse input combinations to enhance test coverage. 

These changes are deployed in the testing environment whenever modifications are made in the codebase. This facilitates continuous automation testing, ensuring developers are promptly informed about the results at each stage of the build and test process.

The power of Selenium and Jenkins can be further leveraged with cloud-based AI-powered test orchestration and execution platforms such as LambdaTest to perform automation testing at scale. LambdaTest offers a plugin for Jenkins, allowing you to seamlessly integrate your Selenium tests with your CI/CD pipeline. This means your tests can be automatically triggered and executed whenever you push new code to your version control system.

Jenkins and Selenium Testing Tools Overview

Jenkins boasts a wide array of plugins, seamless integrations with third-party applications, node distribution for parallel testing, and post-build actions. It’s important to note that the selection of tools discussed here for establishing the infrastructure is subjective. I’ve opted for these tools due to their ease of installation and management.

A valuable tip to consider is aligning your choice of tools with those already used within your project. Utilizing familiar tools streamlines the process, leveraging existing knowledge and workflows within your team.

  • Maven: A Java software project management tool.
  • JUnit: A Java unit testing library.
  • Selenium WebDriver: A library utilized for automating browser interactions.

Steps to Set Up Jenkins & Selenium

Setting Up Jenkins

Jenkins can be launched from the command line or deployed on a web application server.

For a command-line installation, follow the steps outlined below:

Open the command prompt on your system.

Execute the command java -jar followed by the file path of Jenkins.war file.

Creating a Selenium Test for Jenkins

At this stage, we have nearly everything in place to execute automated tests within a continuous integration (CI) environment. All that remains is to craft a test as an illustration and configure Jenkins to execute it. So, let’s delve into Selenium WebDriver and its configuration.

WebDriver serves as a tool for automating the testing of web applications, specifically to ensure they function as intended. It aims to offer a user-friendly API that is simple to explore and comprehend.

The screenshot below provides an outline of the structure of a Java project. The “App” class contains the code for the example project, while the “AppTest” class is where we’ll incorporate the necessary tests.

The most straightforward approach to integrating Selenium WebDriver into your project is through Maven. In the primary pom.xml file, include the dependency for the selenium-java artifact, as depicted in the screenshots above.

Selenium empowers engineers to automate browser interactions via code, allowing them to initiate various browsers, access different URLs, click links and other web elements, input text, and perform many other actions, all facilitated through the Selenium API, which is notably intuitive and user-friendly.

Integrating Jenkins with Selenium

Method 1: Direct Execution of Selenium Tests

In this approach, Selenium tests are executed directly within Jenkins using build steps or shell commands. Jenkins triggers the execution of Selenium test scripts written in preferred programming languages (e.g., Java, Python, JavaScript). This method provides simplicity and flexibility, enabling teams to utilize existing Selenium test suites with minimal modifications.

Method 2: Integration with Maven

Another prevalent approach involves integrating Selenium tests with Maven, a popular build automation tool for Java projects

Jenkins Integration With Selenium and Maven

To automate Selenium testing in Jenkins involves integrating with Maven. Before delving into the integration process, let’s briefly introduce Maven and explore why it’s commonly used with Jenkins for test execution.

What Is Maven?

Maven is a build automation tool that simplifies the management of dependencies within a project by consolidating them into a single pom.xml file. This approach enables users to reuse dependencies across multiple projects efficiently. 

How To Install Maven?

Step 1: Obtain Maven from the official Maven website.

Step 2: Configure the MAVEN_HOME system variable.

Environment Variables Maven

Step 3: Set the path to the bin directory of the Maven installation.

Integrating Selenium Tests With Maven and Jenkins

In the preceding sections, we explored the integration of Jenkins with Selenium WebDriver. A prime application of this integration lies in leveraging it for Selenium test automation. Integrating Jenkins with Selenium WebDriver enhances the robustness of your cross-browser testing scripts. This section elucidates integrating Jenkins with Selenium test scripts through Maven.

Step 1: Launch the Jenkins server.

Step 2: Access your web browser and navigate to the localhost using the port on which Jenkins is hosted.

Guidelines for Jenkins-Selenium Integration

To ensure the seamless integration of Jenkins and Selenium, adhere to these recommended practices:

  • Segregate Test Suites: Arrange your Selenium tests into distinct test suites based on functional domains or testing categories. This practice enhances the organization and sustainability of the test suite.
  • Utilize Headless Browsers: Opt for headless browsers (e.g., Headless Chrome, PhantomJS) when executing Selenium tests in headless mode, particularly in automated CI/CD pipelines. Headless browsers offer swifter test execution and decreased resource consumption.
  • Implement Concurrent Execution: Leverage Jenkins’ parallel execution capabilities to run Selenium tests across multiple nodes or environments simultaneously. Concurrent execution substantially diminishes test execution duration and enhances overall pipeline efficiency.
  • Integrate with Reporting Tools: Integrate Jenkins with reporting tools like ExtentReports or Allure to produce comprehensive test reports containing thorough insights into test outcomes, encompassing pass/fail statuses, screenshots, and error details.
  • Monitor Test Execution: Establish monitoring and alerting mechanisms within Jenkins to monitor the progress of Selenium test execution systematically. Promptly alert stakeholders in the event of test failures or anomalies.


In summary, we’ve discussed the significance of Jenkins and its integration with Selenium WebDriver to streamline test execution and achieve continuous integration objectives. Leveraging Jenkins for test execution proves to be time-efficient, providing comprehensive logs for result visualization. 

It facilitates the entire software development life cycle, encompassing development, deployment, testing, monitoring, and release phases. Jenkins offers a wide range of plugins to meet project requirements and can notify users via email about build stability.

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